Garden Design Tips

What is a garden design?

Design is the process of expressing creative ideas in the form of plan drawings and perspective sketches that reflect what you want in the garden to be built. The design process will help you better understand the state of the site and come up with ideas to create your dream garden.

What is needed?

In garden design, you need some basic stationery that will help speed up the process. Try to get this basic equipment. If none is available, use alternative alternatives.

Basic Equipment in Plan Preparation

  1. Water Color - A wet dye that uses a mixture of water for coloring
  2. Color mixing plate - Water color mixing material
  3. Drawing brush - Color sweeping equipment on plan
  4. Graphic Marker - Color plan and perspective
  5. Regular eye fine pen - Stationery
  6. Pencil - Drawing tool and drawing plan
  7. Pencil sharpeners
  8. Eraser
  9. Circle Template - Draw a circle molding
  10. King
  11. My king
  12. Color Pencil - Color plan and perspective
  13. Drawing Time - Draw the required circle size

Step 1 - Site Inventory

The inventory is intended to record the physical and non-physical elements of the site. Physical elements such as trees and existing structures while non-physical elements such as north horizon direction and shade. This information will be recorded in the Inventory Plan.

Measurements will be made to determine the area and determine the boundaries of the site. Site measurement information will be drawn on the paper in the appropriate scale and will be known as the Site Basic Plan. This Site Basic Plan will be used to produce other plans such as Inventory Plans, Analysis Plans, Concept Plans and Master Plans.


Step 2 - Site Analysis

Based on site inventory, a Site Analysis Plan was created. What needs to be analyzed? As designers, we need to know what the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats are on the site. This analysis is called SWOT Analysis.


Plan of Analysis 

  • Mukabumi landai
  • Get sunshine over 6 hours / day
  • No physical barriers
  • Focus area due to field
  • Good ventilation
  • Solid soil
  • The soil is not fertile
  • Far from the water source
  • Student shortcuts
  • No cut or ground work is required
  • Enough space for a mini garden
  • Various types of landscape plants are suitable for cultivation
  • The tree of life is infertile


Step 3 - Concepts of Garden Design

Based on the inventory, site analysis and intent or design requirements, several park concept plans were created. The concept plan is a sketch of the space that you want to create in the garden to be built. This sketch is in the form of a bubble diagram depicting the position, size and orientation of the garden to be built. Also, a brief statement should be written to help the designer describe what he or she wants.

Step 4 - Garden Master Plan

Of the several draft plans that have been developed, the developer must select one (1) that best suits:

  • site conditions
  • purpose of building a park and
  • financial allocation

The selected concept plan will be detailed with a combination of soft and rugged landscapes as per the requirements and suitability to produce the Master Plan. Like the Draft Plan, several Master Plan options can be created to bring out the best design. The master plan produced must be on a scale that reflects the actual situation on the site.

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